The desktop 3D Printers may be easy to manage and is highly affordable. However, these aren’t as capable as industrial 3D printers.
It is for this reason, that companies like HP, GE Additive, 3D Systems, and many others are investing their money, time and research for simplifying the complexities that are involved with giant 3D printers. Below is our list of some of the most popular industrial 3D printers.
Best Giant 3D Printer In 2020
This list that you can find here includes printers that are based on different technologies and printers that offer a wide range of material selection to its user.
Desktop Metal Production System
This Giant 3D Printer was founded by a team of MIT researchers in 2015. With the launch of its studio and production system, the MIT startup Desktop Metal emerged as one of the most innovative startups of their time.
There are in all two professional-grade 3D printers founded by this firm, amongst which production systems are the most preferred industrial-grade 3D printers out of the two. This Giant 3D printer works on the principle of single-pass jetting.
The process starts by deposition of metal powder, followed by binding agent droplets which are sprayed onto the powder.
The next step involves applying heat to bind this layer which is sprayed in the first step. These two steps repeat itself quickly and ultimately when the part of a functional prototype gets ready, it is made taking less time than compared to other technologies.
The fact that is common in the industry about Metal Production System is that it is one amongst the few Giant 3D Printers that offer 100 times faster production at 20 times less cost than other metal fabrication technologies.
This industrial 3D printer utilizes a furnace for the elimination of binder material from the metal object. The production system of this 3D printer starts at $360,000.
For those who are not used to cost of professional-grade 3D printers would find the cost too much at first glance. But then one should question him/herself that an average industrial 3D printer can cost him/her about $800,000 and then ask, is it worth to buy this one or not?
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Arcam Spectra H
Arcam, the Swedish 3D printer manufacturing company was acquired by GE. For becoming a leader in the additive manufacturing market, General Electric has acquired Arcam that concentrates on Electron Beam Technology to make 3D parts and prototypes.
The EBM process of Arcam takes place inside a vacuum that is fixed at elevated temperatures by using an electron beam for melting powder feedstock.
Here because of high temperatures and chemically controlled environments, the big 3D printer’s system can produce dense metal components with relieving stress and enhanced material properties.
Arcam Spectra H is the company’s latest 3D printer that has the build size like no other previous machines produced by the company.
It incorporates high heat technology to allow for the production of metal alloys that cannot be cracked while in use.
Additionally, faster print speeds can be generated by using this 3D printer and a specialization in high heat metals can be done using Arcam Spectra H.
The machine’s capacity for high heat allows printing of titanium aluminide which is a material that is needed to be used in making turbine blades in jet engines of an aircraft.
Talks are about the research that is going on in the company’s R and D team. Materials like tungsten and nickel which have the capability of producing superalloys are something that the team is experimenting with and is bound to come up with some idea in 2020.
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DMP Factory 500
The manufacturer of this 3D printer is named 3D Systems. This company has a reputation for going on the path in additive manufacturing that constantly grows the printer’s scalability.
3D Systems has released modules that can be tailored to specific functions of the metal additive manufacturing workflow.
This is a removable print module that contains the powder traveling between a print module and de-powdering station in a way that is a factory floor that is automated can be fixed to print for a 24*7 amount of time non-stop. The function of de-powdering and powder reclamation happens automatically and offline.
This 3D printer is aimed to increase the output of 3D printed parts and functional prototypes by building large volumes compared to others.
The build volume that this printer can produce is 500 mm * 500 mm * 500 mm. That is why it is named DMP 500. This volume production is an anomaly for 3D printers that come in the same price range.
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Laser Concept X Line 2000R
This 3D printer is manufactured by a German company named Concept Laser. Like the one that made Arcam Spectra H, this one too has been acquired by GE.
The acquiring company decided to purchase 75% of the shares of the company that was getting acquired. This brought a lot of titles getting associated with Concept Laser, the most prestigious one being “The world’s largest metal industrial 3D printer.”
Laser Concept X Line 2000R has a build volume of 160 liters. The machine is known to produce large-scale functional parts and prototypes with precise quality.
Some features of this 3D printer are; it has automated powder transport and a fully automated production process.
The machine is especially known for having a rotating mechanism that enables 2 build modules at the same time. Laser X’s dual laser system operates with two lasers that give an output of 1000 W.
Not satisfied with its title of world’s largest metal industrial 3D printer or rather I should say, getting motivated by this title, the company is currently working to produce an even larger system that will break all the records in additive manufacturing.
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SLM 500 HL
This 3D printer comes fully equipped with a larger build covering and the renowned quad laser technology.
SLM, as can be guessed from its name uses Selective Laser Melting technology to 3D print functional parts and prototypes. Specializing in 3D metal printing, this one too, like the previous one is manufactured by a German company.
Targeted at small businesses and high-end professionals in additive manufacturing, this printer produces middle-sized components with high precision and surface quality. Melting and fusion are two important technologies that SLM works on. Metallic powders are melted or fused using a high-powered laser beam.
To carry out this process with ease, the 3D printer has a fully automated powder management unit that continuously feeds material into the feedstock that prevents the stopping of the machine due to the lack of material.
The time consumed by printers that use manual labor to refill the material is the time that is not consumed here. This ensures that the production process is faster than its comparisons.
The part removal station of this 3D printer acts as an effective tool during the post-processing. Cleaning and re-filling of the machine are the two important functions of this removal station. Talks about acquiring this company by GE Additive were also in the market last year.
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EOSINT M 280
The company that has manufactured this 3D printer is named EOS. This company is one of the pioneers in the field of 3D printing and additive manufacturing.
EOS holds the record of manufacturing leaders of 3D printers for a considerable amount of time. This makes the machine one of the most reliable 3D printers that one can purchase.
EOSINT M 280 works on Direct Metal Laser Sintering technology for printing 3D parts and prototypes. This technology involves fiber melting using powerful laser beams and fusing metal powder.
EOS allows you the option of using various kinds of metals like aluminum, high-grade steel, titanium, nickel, and cobalt chrome alloys. These are materials that are not allowed to print within any and every 3D printers.
They need special arrangements to be made in a 3D printer, which this machine has. Complex geometries can be printed with high accuracy using this printer.
Since the company is as old as the additive manufacturing field is, its team has an experience like no other. This experience is now getting utilized in developing printers that do not only have high-end technologies but also are affordable.
Metal objects with intricacy such as free-form surfaces, deep slots, and coolant ducts can be printed using this giant 3D printer.
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Markforged Metal X
Unlike most of the 3D printers, Markforged Metal X is based on Atomic diffusion Additive Manufacturing. This process of 3D printing involved metal powder in a plastic container, a cartridge of bound-powder rods which is used to feed the material to the printer.
The plastic is melted and fused to the upcoming layer. Markforged is recognized as changing the way we print with carbon fiber composites.
Post-processing comprises placing the part on a sintering furnace. This burns away the plastic and fusing the metal material.
The final component that is manufactured has a property that it is shrunk by 20 percent than the normal. This gives the user a metal part that can be said fully dense.
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With it’s out of the box welding technology and feedstock, WAAM has a completely different approach than all other 3D printers that are mentioned on this list. WAAM stands for Wire + Arc Additive Manufacturing.
The company WAAM is based in Cranfield University, UK. This company is a unique collaboration between the academic institution and the additive manufacturing industry. In this process, a feedstock of metal wire is melted by an electric arc.
Then the stepwise melted metal is deposited along a path that is pre-determined. This deposition builds a solid layer over several passes from its position as on a CNC machine gantry or a robotic arm. WAAM produces a machine that is high-end industrial and huge 3D printers.
The company has successful results like building a class-approved ship propeller which was 3D printed by the Port of Rotterdam’s additive manufacturing lab for shipbuilder named Damen.
Currently, WAAM systems have had depositions based on materials like titanium, aluminum, and rare refractory metals such as tungsten and molybdenum, invar, nickel, alloys, steel, bronze, copper, and magnesium.
This printer is known for depositing rare metals and making parts and functional prototypes of the same. Not every printer in the same range can do similar to this printer.
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HP Jet Fusion 500/300
As soon as HP announced this printer in 2016, it created a flood of customers looking out for this giant 3D printer in the field of additive manufacturing.
The company has known to have done an immense amount of research in the area of additive manufacturing and at last, brought out this big 3D printer in the market.
A multi-jet fusion printer is capable of fabricating parts that have control to the level that is unmatched in the industry to date.
The latest, 500, and 300 series printers by HP, have made its impression in the mind of people such that the company can also produce medium-sized printers with efficiency.
For, till then the company was only known for producing industrial-level printers. The 500/300 series by HO contains four printers in all.
The 500 series printers are capable to produce parts and prototypes of build volume 332 mm * 190 mm * 248 mm. While 300 series printers are capable of producing parts and prototypes of build volume 254 mm * 190 mm * 248 mm.
HP’s Jet Fusion is an end to end process that takes care of not damaging the eco-system. The company is known to provide support and training like no other.
With HP Jet Fusion’s 3D printers one is availed with the facility of producing with a wide range of materials. The machine is automated in various areas of the printing process which makes these printers stand out in the high-end competitive market.
Like the expansion of universe, the field of giant 3D printers is expanding in all directions. There are companies that were once pioneers in the field of additive manufacturing which are trying to make these printers affordable more and more to a layman.
At the same time there are new companies that are coming into the market to compete, innovate, and create using their amazing ideas.